Posts by Kevin Whiteford

United States May 2019 Exports

United States Exports

Exports from the US increased USD 4.2 billion from a month earlier, or 2.0 percent to USD 210.6 billion in May of 2019. Goods exports rose USD 3.9 billion to USD 140.8 billion, mainly due to capital goods (up USD 1.4 billion), namely civilian aircraft and telecommunications equipment; consumer goods (up USD 0.8 billion), particularly gem diamonds, jewelry and pharmaceutical preparations; soybeans (up USD 0.7 billion); other goods (up USD 0.6 billion) and automotive vehicles, parts, and engines (up USD 0.6 billion). Exports of services increased USD 0.3 billion to USD 69.8 billion, of which maintenance and repair services, travel (for all purposes including education) and transport all up USD 0.1 billion. Exports in the United States averaged 56278.95 USD Million from 1950 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 213341 USD Million in May of 2018 and a record low of 772 USD Million in March of 1950.

United States Exports

The United States is the world’s third biggest exporter, yet exports account only for 13 percent of GDP. Main exports are: capital goods (22 percent of total exports) and industrial supplies (22 percent). Others include: consumer goods (8 percent) and petroleum (7 percent). In 2018, exports of petroleum reached a record high of USD 172.4 billion. In 2018, main exports partners were: Canada (18 percent of total exports), Mexico (16 percent), China (7 percent), Japan (4.5 percent), the United Kingdom (4 percent) and Germany (3.5 percent). This page provides the latest reported value for – United States Exports – plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Exports – actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases – was last updated on July of 2019.

 

Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-04-17 12:30 PM Exports $209.7B $207.4B $205.1B
2019-05-09 12:30 PM Exports $211.97B $209.91B $211.2B
2019-06-06 12:30 PM Exports $206.85B $211.41B $207.8B
2019-07-03 12:30 PM Exports $210.636B $206.411B $210.8B
2019-08-02 12:30 PM Exports $210.636B $ 213B
2019-09-04 12:30 PM Exports
2019-10-04 12:30 PM Exports

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/exports

 

US Q1 GDP Growth Confirmed at 3.1%

US Q1 GDP Growth Confirmed at 3.1%

The US economy grew by an annualized 3.1 percent in the first quarter of 2019, unrevised from the second estimate issued last month and following a 2.2 percent expansion in the previous three-month period. Upward revisions to nonresidential fixed investment, exports, state and local government spending, and residential fixed investment were offset by downward revisions to personal consumption expenditures (PCE) and inventory investment and an upward revision to imports. GDP Growth Rate in the United States averaged 3.22 percent from 1947 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 16.70 percent in the first quarter of 1950 and a record low of -10 percent in the first quarter of 1958.

The US economy grew by an annualized 3.1 percent in the first quarter of 2019, unrevised from the second estimate and following a 2.2 percent expansion in the previous three-month period. Nonresidential and residential fixed investment, exports and imports, and state and local government spending were revised higher while personal consumption expenditures and inventory investment came in lower than initially reported.

Positive contributions came from exports (0.65 percentage points), personal consumption expenditures (0.62 percentage points), nonresidential fixed investment (0.61 percentage points), private inventory investment (0.55 percentage points), and state and local government spending (0.48 percentage points). Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, decreased, posting a positive contribution of 0.30 percentage points. These contributions were partly offset by a decreasein residential fixed investment (-0.08 percentage points).

State and local government spending surged 4.6 percent during the first quarter, reversing a 1.3 percent contraction in the previous three-month period. In addition, private inventory investment accelerated and exports jumped 5.4 percent (vs 1.8 percent in Q4), boosted by sales of goods (6.0 percent vs 1.2 percent) and services (4.4 percent vs 2.7 percent); while imports dropped 1.9 percent (vs 2.0 percent in Q4) due to lower purchases of goods (-3.3 percent vs 0.5 percent).

These movements were partly offset by a deceleration in PCE (0.9 percent vs 2.5 percent).

The price index for gross domestic purchases increased 0.8 percent in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 1.7 percent in the fourth quarter. The PCE price index increased 0.5 percent, compared with an increase of 1.5 percent. Excluding food and energy prices, the PCE price index increased 1.2 percent, compared with an increase of 1.8 percent.

 

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/gdp-growth

The Federal Reserve held the target range for the federal funds rate at 2.25-2.5 percent

The Federal Reserve held the target range for the federal funds rate at 2.25-2.5 percent

The Federal Reserve held the target range for the federal funds rate at 2.25-2.5 percent but dropped a promise to be “patient” in adjusting rates and signaled possible rate cuts of as much as half a percentage point later this year. The policymakers left economic projections for growth and unemployment mostly unchanged but the headline inflation was forecasted at just 1.5% for the year, down from the 1.8% projected in March. Interest Rate in the United States averaged 5.67 percent from 1971 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 20 percent in March of 1980 and a record low of 0.25 percent in December of 2008.

The Fed is “insulated from short-term political pressures”, Chair Jerome H. Powell said in a speech at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, as policymakers face heavy criticism by President Donald Trump for having raised interest rates last year.

Let me share some of the thinking behind this review, which is the first of its nature we have undertaken. The Fed is insulated from short-term political pressures—what is often referred to as our “independence.” Congress chose to insulate the Fed this way because it had seen the damage that often arises when policy bends to short-term political interests. Central banks in major democracies around the world have similar independence.

Let me turn now from the longer-term issues that are the focus of the review to the nearer-term outlook for the economy and for monetary policy. So far this year, the economy has performed reasonably well. Solid fundamentals are supporting continued growth and strong job creation, keeping the unemployment rate near historic lows. Although inflation has been running somewhat below our symmetric 2 percent objective, we have expected it to pick up, supported by solid growth and a strong job market. Along with this favorable picture, we have been mindful of some ongoing crosscurrents, including trade developments and concerns about global growth. When the FOMC met at the start of May, tentative evidence suggested these crosscurrents were moderating, and we saw no strong case for adjusting our policy rate.

Since then, the picture has changed. The crosscurrents have reemerged, with apparent progress on trade turning to greater uncertainty and with incoming data raising renewed concerns about the strength of the global economy. Our contacts in business and agriculture report heightened concerns over trade developments. These concerns may have contributed to the drop in business confidence in some recent surveys and may be starting to show through to incoming data. For example, the limited available evidence we have suggests that investment by businesses has slowed from the pace earlier in the year.

Against the backdrop of heightened uncertainties, the baseline outlook of my FOMC colleagues, like that of many other forecasters, remains favorable, with unemployment remaining near historic lows. Inflation is expected to return to 2 percent over time, but at a somewhat slower pace than we foresaw earlier in the year. However, the risks to this favorable baseline outlook appear to have grown.

Last week, my FOMC colleagues and I held our regular meeting to assess the stance of monetary policy. We did not change the setting for our main policy tool, the target range for the federal funds rate, but we did make significant changes in our policy statement. Since the beginning of the year, we had been taking a patient stance toward assessing the need for any policy change. We now state that the Committee will closely monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook and will act as appropriate to sustain the expansion, with a strong labor market and inflation near its symmetric 2 percent objective.

The question my colleagues and I are grappling with is whether these uncertainties will continue to weigh on the outlook and thus call for additional policy accommodation. Many FOMC participants judge that the case for somewhat more accommodative policy has strengthened. But we are also mindful that monetary policy should not overreact to any individual data point or short-term swing in sentiment. Doing so would risk adding even more uncertainty to the outlook. We will closely monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook and will act as appropriate to sustain the expansion.

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/interest-rate

 

United States Manufacturing & United States Retail Sales

United States Manufacturing Production

Manufacturing production in the United States rose 0.7 percent year-on-year in April 2019, rebounding from an upwardly revised 0.3 percent fall in the previous month. Manufacturing Production in the United States averaged 3.79 percent from 1920 until 2019, reaching an all-time high of 67.90 percent in July of 1933 and a record low of -39.40 percent in February of 1946.

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/manufacturing-production

 

 

United States Retail Sales YoY

Retail Sales in the United States increased 3.20 percent in May of 2019 over the same month in the previous year. Retail Sales YoY in the United States averaged 4.37 percent from 1993 until 2019, reaching an all-time high of 11.20 percent in March of 1994 and a record low of -11.50 percent in March of 2009.

 

 

Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-04-01 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY 2.2% 2.8% 2.1%
2019-04-18 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY 3.6% 2.2% 2.7%
2019-05-15 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY 3.1% 3.8% 3.8%
2019-06-14 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY 3.2% 3.7% 3.4%
2019-07-16 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY 3.2% 3%
2019-08-15 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY
2019-09-13 12:30 PM Retail Sales YoY

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/retail-sales-annual

 

Manufacturing Activity May 2019

US Non-Manufacturing Activity Grows Faster in May

 

The ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI for the United States rose to a three-month high of 56.9 in May 2019 from 55.5 in the previous month and above market expectations of 55.5. Business activity, new orders and employment all grew at a faster pace. Non Manufacturing PMI in the United States is reported by Institute for Supply Management.

The ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI for the United States rose to a three-month high of 56.9 in May 2019 from 55.5 in the previous month and above market expectations of 55.5.

Increases were seen in business activity (61.2 vs 59.5 in April), new orders (58.6 vs 58.1), and employment (58.1 vs 53.7), while new export orders growth slowed (55.5 vs 57.0) and imports were flat (50.0 vs 55.0). In addition, supplier deliveries dropped from the previous month (49.5 vs 50.5) and prices rose at softer pace (55.4 vs 55.7).

“According to the NMI, 16 non-manufacturing industries reported growth. The non-manufacturing sector continues to experience a slight uptick in business activity, but it is still leveling off overall. Respondents are mostly optimistic about overall business conditions, but concerns remain about tariffs and employment resources.

The 16 non-manufacturing industries reporting growth in May — listed in order — are: Accommodation & Food Services; Educational Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Construction; Transportation & Warehousing; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Utilities; Wholesale Trade; Public Administration; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Mining; Health Care & Social Assistance; Other Services; Finance & Insurance; Information; and Retail Trade. The only industry reporting a decrease is Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting.”

 

The ISM Manufacturing PMI in the US fell to 52.1 in May 2019 from 52.8 in the previous month, missing market expectations of 53. The latest reading pointed to weakest pace of expansion in the manufacturing sector since October 2016 as production growth eased to the weakest since August 2016 and backlog of orders contracted for the first time since January 2017. Business Confidence in the United States is reported by Institute for Supply Management.

The ISM Manufacturing PMI in the US fell to 52.1 in May 2019 from 52.8 in the previous month, missing market expectations of 53. The latest reading pointed to weakest pace of expansion in the manufacturing sector since October 2016.

 

The production index dropped 1 point to 51.3 in May, the lowest level since August 2016. In addition, other PMI components declined: the supplier deliveries index was down 2.6 points to 52; and the inventories index fell 2 points to 50.9. Meanwhile, increases were seen in new orders (up 1 point to 52.7), employment (up 1.3 points to 53.7), and prices (up 3.2 points to 53.2).

“Comments from the panel reflect continued expanding business strength, but at soft levels consistent with the early-2016 expansion. Demand expansion continued, with the New Orders Index strengthening, but remaining in the low 50s, the Customers’ Inventories Index remaining at a ‘too low’ level, and the Backlog of Orders Index contracting for the first time since January 2017. Consumption (production and employment) continued to expand, resulting in a combined PMI contribution of 0.3 percentage point. Inputs — expressed as supplier deliveries, inventories and imports — were lower this month, primarily due to inventory softening and supplier’s continuing to deliver faster, resulting in a combined 4.6-percentage point reduction in the Supplier Deliveries and Inventories indexes. Imports contracted for the second straight month. Overall, inputs reflect supply chains’ ability to respond faster and indicate that supply managers are closely watching inventories. Prices remain at a relatively stable level.

“Respondents expressed concern with the escalation in the U.S.-China trade standoff, but overall sentiment remained predominantly positive. The PMI continues to reflect slowing expansion,” says Fiore.

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 11 reported growth in May, in the following order: Printing & Related Support Activities; Furniture & Related Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Textile Mills; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Computer & Electronic Products; Chemical Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; and Machinery. The six industries reporting contraction in May — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Primary Metals; Petroleum & Coal Products; Wood Products; Paper Products; and Fabricated Metal Products.

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/business-confidence

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/non-manufacturing-pmi

 

Home Sales Year over Year March 2019

United States S&P Case-Shiller Home Price Index

The S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller 20-city home price index in the US rose 2.7 percent year-on-year in March 2019, slowing from a revised 3 percent increase in the previous month and missing market expectations of 2.6 percent. It was the smallest annual gain in house prices since August 2012. Las Vegas recorded the biggest increase in home prices (8.2 percent), followed by Phoenix (6.1 percent) and Tampa (5.3 percent), while the smallest gains were reported in San Diego (1.3 percent), Los Angeles (1.3 percent) and San Francisco (1.4 percent). The national index, covering all nine US census divisions, went up 3.7 percent in March, down from a 3.9 percent rise in the prior month. Case Shiller Home Price Index in the United States averaged 163.37 Index Points from 2000 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 213.83 Index Points in August of 2018 and a record low of 100 Index Points in January of 2000.

Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-03-26 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price YoY 3.6% 4.1% 4% 4.2%
2019-03-26 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price MoM -0.2% -0.2% -0.1%
2019-04-30 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price MoM 0.2% -0.2% 0% 0.3%
2019-04-30 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price YoY 3% 3.5% 3.2% 3.2%
2019-06-25 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price YoY 2.7%
2019-06-25 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price MoM 0.7%
2019-07-30 01:00 PM S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price MoM  

 

United States Housing Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Building Permits 1290.00 1288.00 2419.00 513.00 Thousand [+]
Housing Starts 1235.00 1168.00 2494.00 478.00 Thousand units [+]
New Home Sales 673.00 723.00 1389.00 270.00 Thousand units [+]
Pending Home Sales -1.20 -4.90 30.90 -24.30 percent [+]
Existing Home Sales 5190.00 5210.00 7250.00 1370.00 Thousand [+]
Construction Spending -0.90 0.70 5.90 -4.80 percent [+]
Housing Index 0.10 0.40 1.20 -1.70 percent [+]
Nahb Housing Market Index 66.00 63.00 78.00 8.00 [+]
Mortgage Rate 4.33 4.33 10.56 3.47 percent [+]
Mortgage Applications -3.30 2.40 49.10 -38.80 percent [+]
Case Shiller Home Price Index 214.09 212.61 214.09 100.00 Index Points [+]
Home Ownership Rate 64.20 64.80 69.20 62.90 percent [+]

 

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/case-shiller-home-price-index

 

Prime Minister May Resigns

Mrs. May is leaving Downing Street, but not today.

Facing a cabinet rebellion, Theresa May set out Friday morning a timetable for her departure from office.

Standing in front of 10 Downing Street, Mrs. May said it was in the “best interests of the country for a new prime minister” to lead Britain through the Brexit process. She announced plans to step down as the leader of the Conservative Party on June 7, with the process to replace her beginning the following week. She will remain as a lame-duck prime minister until a new leader is chosen, probably by the end of July.

“I feel as certain today as I did three years ago that in a democracy, if you give people a choice you have a duty to implement what they decide. I have done my best to do that,” she added. “I have done everything I can to convince M.P.s to back that deal. Sadly, I have not been able to do so.”

[Read Mrs. May’s entire speech here.]

Mrs. May’s voice cracked as she said she was honored to serve the country as the “second female prime minister, but certainly not the last,” and said the role had been the honor of her life.

The speech followed a meeting with Graham Brady, a powerful leader of backbench Conservative lawmakers.

She will continue as a member of Parliament after stepping down as prime minister, the Press Association news agency has reported.

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/24/world/europe/theresa-may-resignation.html

 

US Housing Starts Rise Above Forecast

US Housing Starts Rise Above Forecast

Housing starts in the US rose 5.7 percent from a month earlier to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,235 thousand units in April 2019, more than an expected 1,205 thousand and

Following a revised 1.7 percent advance in March.

 

Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-03-08 01:30 PM Housing Starts 1.23M 1.037M 1.197M 1.15M
2019-03-26 12:30 PM Housing Starts 1.162M 1.273M 1.213M 1.15M
2019-04-19 12:30 PM Housing Starts 1.139M 1.142M 1.23M 1.300M
2019-05-16 12:30 PM Housing Starts 1.235M 1.168M 1.205M 1.197M
2019-06-18 12:30 PM Housing Starts 1.235M
2019-07-17 12:30 PM Housing Starts 1.218M
2019-08-16 12:30 PM Housing Starts

Single-family homebuilding, which accounts for the largest share of the housing market, rose 6.2 percent to a rate of 854 thousand units in April and starts for the volatile multi-family housing segment advanced 4.7 percent to a rate of 381 thousand units. Increases in housing starts were recorded in the Northeast (84.6 percent to 144 thousand) and Midwest (42 percent to 186 thousand), while declines were seen in the South (-5.7 percent to 581 thousand) and West (-5.5 percent to 324 thousand). Starts for March were revised to 1,168 thousand from 1,139 thousand.

Building permits were up 0.6 percent to a rate of 1,296 thousand units in April, while markets had expected a 0.5 percent gain. Permits for the volatile multi-family housing segment increased 8.9 percent to 514 thousand, while single-family authorizations fell 4.2 percent to 782 thousand. Across regions, permits were higher in the West (5.3 percent to 339 thousand) and Midwest (2.2 percent to 188 thousand), but dropped in the Northeast (-4 percent to 120 thousand) and South (-1.2 percent to 649 thousand).

 

 

 

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/housing-starts

 

China April Trade Surplus Far Below Estimates

China April Trade Surplus Far Below Estimates

China’s trade surplus fell to USD 13.84 billion in April 2019 from USD 26.21 billion in the same month a year earlier and missing market consensus of a surplus of USD 35.0 billion. Year-on-year, imports advanced 4.0 percent to USD 179.65, while export fell 2.7 percent to USD 193.49 billion. The trade surplus with the US, China’s largest export market, was at USD 21.01 billion in April, little-changed from a surplus USD 20.50 billion in March.

Imports surprisingly rose by 4 percent year-on-year to USD 179.65 billion in April, against market expectations of a 3.6 percent fall and reversing from a 7.6 percent drop in the previous month. This marked the first yearly increase in inbound shipments since November last year. Purchases of crude oil surged 11 percent year-on-year to a record high of 43.73 million tonnes, equal to 10.64 million barrels per day/bpd, and rose by 15 percent from March’s 9.26 million bpd. Also, total natural gas imports went up 12 percent year-on-year to 7.65 million tonnes, and grew by 10.2 percent from March’s 6.94 million tonnes. In addition, inbound shipments of soybeans expanded 10.7 percent from the prior year to 7.64 million tonnes, with buyers delaying cargoes to arrive in April to take advantage of a cut in the value-added tax/VAT on agricultural products effective from 1st April; and soared 55 percent month-over-month from 4.92 million in March. As part of a trade conflict with the US, China slapped a 25 percent tariff on US soybeans last July. The US and Brazil were the two largest suppliers of soybeans to China until the start of the trade row. In contrast, China’s iron ore imports fell to the lowest in 1-1/2 years, as poor weather in Brazil, the country’s second-largest supplier, disrupted shipments; and as some mining production halted their production following recent accident. Inbound shipments of coal went up 13.6 percent to 25.3 million tonnes. Additionally, purchases of unwrought copper decreased 8.4 percent to 405,000 tonnes, but rose 3.6 percent from the prior’s month 391,000 tonnes.

 

Among China’s biggest trade partners, purchases grew mainly from Japan (1.4 percent), the EU (4.4 percent), Australia (18 percent) and the ASEAN countries (10.4 percent), while contracted from the US (-25.7 percent), South Korea (-2.4 percent), and Taiwan (-6.8 percent).

Exports unexpectedly declined by 2.7 percent to USD 193.49 billion, swinging from a 14.2 percent jump in the previous month and missing market estimates of a 2.3 percent growth. The latest reading on overseas sales reflected weakening global demand as well as renewed trade dispute with the US, at which higher tariffs on USD 200 billion worth of Chinese goods will soon take effect. Sales of steel products fell 2.3 percent to 6.33 million tonnes and were unchanged from the previous month. Additionally, exports of coal declined 2.0 percent to 0.50 million tonnes, and dropped 12.3 percent from March’s 0.57 million tonnes. Meanwhile, sales of unwrought aluminium and aluminium products went up 10.4 percent from a year earlier to 498,000 tonnes in March, but declined 8.8 percent from February’s 546,000 tonnes. Also, exports of rice jumped 112.7 percent to 357,000 tonnes and climbed 84.7 percent from the prior month’s 190,000 tonnes.

Sales declined to the US (-13.2 percent), Japan (-16.4 percent), South Korea (-7.7 percent), and Australia (-13.8 percent), while went up to Taiwan (4.6 percent), the EU (6.2 percent), and the ASEAN countries (0.4 percent).

For the January to April period, the trade surplus with the US was recorded at USD 83.66 billion.

Considering the first four months of the year, China’s trade surplus widened to USD 90.16 billion from USD 70.94 billion in the corresponding period 2018.

In yuan-denominated terms, China’s trade surplus came in at CNY 93.57 billion in April, as exports grew by 3.1 percent while imports expanded at a faster 10.3 percent.

https://tradingeconomics.com/china/balance-of-trade

 

 

Fed Interest Rate Decision

 

Fed Holds Rates as Expected, Reaffirms Patience Approach

The Federal Reserve kept the target range for the federal funds rate at 2.25 percent to 2.25 percent during its May meeting, saying that economic activity has been rising at a solid rate and that labour market remains strong.

The Committee also reaffirmed its position to be patient about further policy firming.

FOMC Statement:

Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in March indicates that the labor market remains strong and that economic activity rose at a solid rate. Job gains have been solid, on average, in recent months, and the unemployment rate has remained low. Growth of household spending and business fixed investment slowed in the first quarter. On a 12-month basis, overall inflation and inflation for items other than food and energy have declined and are running below 2 percent. On balance, market-based measures of inflation compensation have remained low in recent months, and survey-based measures of longer-term inflation expectations are little changed.

Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. In support of these goals, the Committee decided to maintain the target range for the federal funds rate at 2-1/4 to 2-1/2 percent. The Committee continues to view sustained expansion of economic activity, strong labor market conditions, and inflation near the Committee’s symmetric 2 percent objective as the most likely outcomes. In light of global economic and financial developments and muted inflation pressures, the Committee will be patient as it determines what future adjustments to the target range for the federal funds rate may be appropriate to support these outcomes.

In determining the timing and size of future adjustments to the target range for the federal funds rate, the Committee will assess realized and expected economic conditions relative to its maximum employment objective and its symmetric 2 percent inflation objective. This assessment will take into account a wide range of information, including measures of labor market conditions, indicators of inflation pressures and inflation expectations, and readings on financial and international developments.

 

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/interest-rate

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